2:44 PM / Tuesday May 21, 2024

28 Feb 2020

Review: ‘Driving While Black’ opens road to civil rights

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
February 28, 2020 Category: Entertainment Posted by:

By Russell Contreras

“Driving While Black: African American Travel and the Road to Civil Rights,” Liveright/W.W. Norton, by Gretchen Sorin

Chuck Berry had his Cadillac. Scholar W.E.B. Du Bois drove his 1920s convertible. African Americans in 1950s Pittsburgh overwhelming preferred their Buicks.

By the mid-20th century, a travel revolution struck Black America and allowed African Americans to move freely throughout a land that had once enslaved their great grandparents. But barriers remained, from segregated hotels to sundown towns (that barred African Americans after dark) and White mob violence that endangered Black families just trying to visit a National Park.

“Driving While Black: African American Travel and the Road to Civil Rights,” by Gretchen Sorin, is a riveting story on how the automobile opened up opportunities for Blacks in the U.S. The car allowed African Americans to avoid segregated trains and buses throughout the American South and gave Blacks a chance to travel across the country. Travel guides presented a modern-day Underground Railroad to show Black travelers which hotels and restaurants would serve them. The free movement opened the window to migration across the land and away from Jim Crow, bring in the modern Civil Rights Movement.

Still, the new freedom also presented challenges. “Black drivers could venture unwittingly into the wrong neighborhoods or stop at the wrong places,” Sorin writes. “Black motorists encountered racist law-enforcement officers, racist gas-station attendants, bigoted auto repairmen, threatening road signs, and restaurants that would only serve food to black patrons through a window in the back door.”

This cover image released by Liveright/W.W. Norton shows “Driving While Black: African American Travel and the Road to Civil Rights” by Gretchen Sorin. The book examines how the automobile opened the road to civil rights for blacks in the U.S. (Liveright/W.W. Norton via AP)

The car also didn’t offer full protection. In 1946, two young African American couples were pulled from their vehicle by a White mob outside of Atlanta and lynched. Black motorists couldn’t shield their children from racist signs and announcements about the Ku Klux Klan controlling the territory they needed to pass.

Sorin’s book is one of many recent works examining travel by people of color despite discrimination and threats of racial violence. Candacy Taylor’s “Overground Railroad: The Green Book & Roots of Black Travel in America,” released last month, looks at how the Green Book, a travel guide for African Americans, helped Black travelers navigate segregation and create a traveling network. Rahawa Haile’s upcoming memoir, “In Open Country,” uses her 2016 hike of the Appalachian Trail to explore what it means to be a Black woman moving through the United States.

In Sorin’s work, her prose and talent for turning examples into captivating stories prevent the book from being a mere sociological study of how Black travel changed the nation. Instead, she blends her own family’s history, and those who experienced the Black travel revolution, to make the book enjoyable and noteworthy since it shows how the changes ushered in civil rights. Without a network of black motorists, for example, the Montgomery Bus Boycott following Rosa Park’s actions might have failed.

Today, Black motorists still have to deal with police encounters that can turn deadly. As Sorin writes, that next chapter has yet to be written.

  • Facebook
  • Twitter

Leave a Comment

Recent News


On The Brink of Elimination:

April 30, 2024

Tweet Email The Philadelphia 76ers are on the verge of yet another early playoff exit. ABOVE PHOTO:...

Philly NAACP

May 19, 2024

May 19, 2024

Tweet Email Tweet Email Related Posts Philadelphia Judicial Primary Candidates At A Glance Guide Philadelphia Judicial Candidates...


This Mental Health Awareness Month, learn how to help prevent an overdose

May 19, 2024

Tweet Email BPT This month highlights the important role mental health plays in our general health and...

Election 2024

Pennsylvania sees fewer mail ballots rejected for technicalities, a priority for election officials

May 18, 2024

Tweet Email ABOVE PHOTO: Allegheny County Election Division Deputy Manager Chet Harhut explains the process of sorting...

Color Of Money

Savvy online shopping tips to save money and time

May 19, 2024

Tweet Email BPT — SPONSORED BY CITI The ease of shopping online can offer customers greater flexibility...


Finding your strength while living with Thyroid Eye Disease (TED)

April 22, 2024

Tweet Email BPT LaQuilla Harris, a devoted mother, grandmother and retired property manager, led a healthy and...

The Philadelphia Sunday Sun Staff